Finite Element Simulation and Assessment of Single-Degree-of-Freedom Prediction Methodology for Insulated Concrete Sandwich Panels Subjected to Blast Loads
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This report discusses simulation methodologies used to analyze large deflection static and dynamic behavior of foam-insulated concrete sandwich wall panels. Both conventionally reinforced cast-on-site panels and precast/prestressed panels were considered. The experimental program used for model development and validation involved component-level testing as well as both static and dynamic testing of full-scale wall panels. The static experiments involved single spans and double spans subjected to near-uniform distributed loading. The dynamic tests involved spans up to 30 ft tall that were subjected to impulse loads generated by an external explosion. Primary modeling challenges included: (1) accurately simulating prestressing initial conditions in an explicit dynamic code framework, (2) simulating the concrete, reinforcement, and foam insulation in the high strain rate environment, and (3) simulating shear transfer between wythes, including frictional slippage and connector rupture. Correlation challenges, conclusions and recommendations regarding efficient and accurate modeling techniques are highlighted. The modeling methodologies developed were used to conduct additional behavioral studies and help to assess single-degree-of-freedom prediction methodology developed for foam-insulated precast/prestressed sandwich panels for blast loads.