This Is AuburnElectronic Theses and Dissertations

Development of the first generation in-situ pathogen detection system (Gen1-IPDS) based on NanoGene assay for near real-time E. coli O157:H7 detection




Mitchell, Kristi

Type of Degree



Civil Engineering


We developed the 1st generation in-situ pathogen detection system (Gen1-IPDS) based on the NanoGene assay for detecting and quantifying E. coli O157:H7 gene. The NanoGene assay employs the hybridization of target DNA with quantum dot labeled magnetic beads and probe DNA to detect and quantify the target bacterial gene. The Gen1-IPDS is currently capable of executing three key steps required in the NanoGene assay: sample and reagents introduction, DNA hybridization, and magnetic separation of complexes. Operational parameters such as magnet position, hybridization buffer composition, hybridization flow rate, and hybridization temperature were investigated. Using the experimentally determined operational parameters, the target gene was successfully quantified (R2=0.97) over a range of six orders of magnitude (10-12 to 10-6 mol L-1). The limit of detection (LOD) was determined to be 49 × 10-15 mol L-1. The specificity was also demonstrated by the differential discrimination of mismatched target DNAs. The NanoGene assay quantification results via Gen1-IPDS were validated by correlation with its laboratory version (R2=0.97).