This Is AuburnElectronic Theses and Dissertations

Disruption of the Relational and Item-specific Processing Supports the Negative Outcomes of Multiple-Choice Testing with Additional Lures

Date

2017-06-21

Author

Paneerselvam, Bavani

Type of Degree

PhD Dissertation

Department

Psychology

Restriction Status

EMBARGOED

Restriction Type

Full

Date Available

06-30-2022

Abstract

Multiple-choice retrieval practice with additional lures reduces retention on a later test (Roediger & Marsh, 2005). However, the mechanism underlying the negative outcomes with additional lures is poorly understood. Given that the positive outcomes of retrieval practice are associated with enhanced relational and item-specific processing (Zaromb & Roediger, 2010), it is plausible that the negative outcomes are due to disrupted relational and item-specific processing. The main goal of this dissertation was to examine whether the negative outcomes are related to disruption of the relational and item-specific processing. Experiment 1 compared the relational and item-specific processing in a non-inclusive intervening multiple-choice test (1 lure versus 5 lures), whereas experiment 2 compared these processing in an inclusive multiple-choice test (correct none of the above versus wrong none of the above). Across two experiments, results show that retrieval practice with additional lures disrupts both the relational and item specific processing resulting in reduced retention.