This Is AuburnElectronic Theses and Dissertations

Examining Perceived Family Support as a Moderator of Associations between Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms and Parental Stress among Sex Trafficking Survivors with Children




Gnagi, Taylor

Type of Degree

Master's Thesis


Human Development and Family Studies

Restriction Status


Restriction Type


Date Available



In addition to the adverse health outcomes associated with sex trafficking victimization – namely posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) – trafficking survivors with children may face additional parenting-related stressors. The purpose of this study was to carry out the first quantitative exploratory investigation into the associations between PTSD and parenting stress using a sample of 42 adult sex trafficking survivors. Analyses addressed two research questions: 1) Does PTSD symptom severity predict parental stress among survivors of sex trafficking with children? 2) Does perceived social support – specifically perceived family support – moderate the association between PTSD symptom severity and parental stress among survivors of sex trafficking with children? Results from a hierarchical multiple regression indicated that higher PTSD symptom severity was a significant predictor of lower levels of parenting stress, but only when survivors reported low levels of perceived family support. This paper includes a discussion of the theoretical and practical implications of these results, along with recommendations for future research.