A ROUGH SURFACE MIXED LUBRICATION MODEL OF MACHINE COMPONENT INTERFACES WITH AN EXPERIEMENTAL EVALUATION
Type of DegreePhD Dissertation
Restriction TypeAuburn University Users
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This work develops a numerical methodology for predicting the performance of an automotive piston ring system by considering contact and lubrication mechanics. The rough surface contact mechanics and lubrication occurs on a scale much smaller than the size of the piston rings and therefore the key aspect of the model is an algorithm that solves simultaneously the multiple mechanisms at different scales. The finite element method will be used to model the mechanical deformations of the piston ring surfaces at large scales. The quasi-steady state model includes heat generation due to solid and viscous friction. This heat generation will then be used to predict the temperature rise and thermal effects in the lubricant and component. A statistical rough surface method that renders asperities as elastic-plastic wavy surfaces predicts the solid contact area. The modified Reynolds equation will be solved to consider the effects of mixedhydrodynamic lubrication while using flow factors formulated for actual piston and ring surfaces. The lubricant viscosity depends both on temperature and shear rate. This will allow for the regimes of boundary, mixed and full-film lubrication to be considered. The model predicts friction for various loads and speeds that are then compared to experimental measurements. Although the contacts operate mostly in the mixed lubrication regime, the model and experiments show changes in friction with load, speed and temperature.